Around two percent population all around the world suffer from Alopecia Areata, which is a kind of hair loss problem. Many researches are going on in order to find out whether it is possible to treat this problem. During the span of last ten years, a lot of progress has taken place in this field and many more results are expected for treating this problem.
What kind of disorder is this Alopecia areata?
A person suffering from this disorder will observe hair loss in various parts of the body, especially the scalp. During the initial stage, bald spots are noticed on the head. In few rare cases, the baldness can spread all over the scalp.
Hair growth is affected by this kind of disorder. Follicles are not affected initially and hence, if the hair is truncated during its initial phase then you can save the hair follicles. Therefore, if you consult any hair loss expert during its initial phase of occurrence then perhaps you can have better control on this disorder. Experts can suggest you suitable remedy during this stage, so that you can recover earlier from this problem.
Different varieties of alopecia areata
Following are six different varieties of this hair disorder:
- Alopecia areata monolocularis: In this problem, the patient will be bald in only single spot, which can be at any place of the head.
- Alopecia areata multilocularis: The patient will suffer baldness at multiple locations of the head due to this problem.
- Alopecia areata totalis: If any patient is suffering from this kind of disorder then he/she will undergo total hair loss on the head.
- Alopecia areata universalis: In this condition, the person experiences hair loss not only on the scalp, but also in other parts of body including pubic hair.
- Alopecia areata barbae: Here, the patient will observe hair loss only in the area, where the beard grows.
- Diffuse alopecia areata: Some times, the patient may lose dark hair due to various psychological traumas and the patient will be left with only grey hair.
Causes of alopecia areata
The main reason for alopecia areata is due to ignorance and therefore people fail to detect that they are suffering from this kind of disorder. As mentioned earlier, if the problem is noticed during the early stage then it can be effectively treated. Besides, this problem may arise due to faulty treatment. However, it is not contagious.
Hereditary is another reason for this condition. Genetic makeup can often trigger autoimmune reaction along with other unidentified triggers. Sometimes, alopecia areata is also found in newborn babies. Many medical researchers are considering stress as another reason for alopecia areata. However, this has not yet been established.
Many more researches are going on in this field to identify other reasons for occurrence of this disorder. Based on their findings suitable treatments will also be developed in near future.
Some people go for alternative treatment options such as aromatherapy, acupuncture, Chinese herbs, vitamin supplements, zinc and evening primrose oil. However, these alternative therapies have not been clinically studies, so it may or may not help.